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by的24种常见用法!这样说英文才地道哦

时间:2019-11-25 8:56:51 作者:雅信博文翻译

前面雅信博文翻译公司为大家解读过介词in的用法,不知道是否对大家的学习有所帮助呢?今天,本公司继续为大家解读一个很常见的介词“by”的相关用法,请大家继续跟我们学习吧!

by最常见的用法还是作介词,可以有很多含义:
1.
在旁边,靠近
There is a cabin by the side of the river.
河边有个小屋。
She was sitting by me when it rained outside.
外面下雨的时候她就坐在我的身边。
2.
……身边
I haven't got any money by me.
我身上没有钱。
3.
(方向)偏于
He headed south by east.
他朝南偏东方向去了。
4.
……旁边(过去);通过;沿着;经由
Please enter by the back door, the front door was locked.
请从后门进来,前门锁了。
She went by him without even looking at him.
5.
到(某时)之前;不迟于
We've already finished the meal by nine o'clock.
九点的时候我们已经吃完饭了。
He ought to be home by now, I can't help but wonder where he is.
平时这个时候他应该已经回家了,我不禁在想他到底去哪儿了。
6.
在(白天、夜晚)的时候;在……环境下
My parents used to love walking by the moonlight.
我父母从前很喜欢在月光下散步。
7.
(表示行为者是谁或起作用的事物是什么)由,被
The plane was invented by the Wright brothers.
飞机是莱特兄弟发明的。
This is a piece of art by Raphael.
这是拉斐尔的艺术作品。
8.
……所生,为……所出
He had a daughter by his late wife.
他有一个亡妻生的女儿。
9.
表示交通、传递等的方式
Don't worry about me, I'll go by plane.
不用担心我,我打算坐飞机去。
10.
握(或抓、拿等)住(身体等的某部分)
Watch it! She is still very weak right now, please take her by the hand.
小心点!她现在还是很虚弱,请抓住她的手就好了。
11.
(表示方法、手段、方式)凭借,靠,用
He wins her heart by his sincere words.
What do you mean by that?
你这样做(讲)是什么意思?
12.
由于(表示原因)
I met my husband by chance.
我和我丈夫是偶然遇见的。
13.
根据,按照
Never judge a book by its cover.
不要以貌取人。
14.
……计算
I was paid by the day.
我的工资按日计算。
15.
(表示连续反复)一个接着一个
Alright girls! Hand your homework to me one by one.
好了小姑娘们,请按顺序一个个把作业交给我。
Day by day, she becomes thinner and thinner.
她一天天消瘦下去了。
16.
(表示数量、程度)以……之差
I just missed the train by three minutes.
我刚刚晚了三分钟没赶上火车。
17.
表示乘、除、面积等
If you multiply 9 by 3, you'll get 27. 9
3等于27
18.
(表示关系)对待
Do as you would be done by.
你要人家怎样待你,就要怎样待人。
He did his duty by his country.
他对国家尽责。
19.
就(职业、出生、本性等)来说
He is Swedish by descent and speech.
他祖籍瑞典,讲瑞典语。
by
也可用作副词,使用得也比较频繁
1.
在近旁
They were standing by and watching the fight.
他们就站在一边围观打架。
2.
经过;过去
in days gone by
在过去的日子里
The train went thundering by.
火车隆隆地驶过。
3.
搁开;在一边;存起
Put your work by for the moment.
你暂且把工作放一放。
by
作形容词的用法比较少,大家可以了解一下
1.
不在干道上的;位于一边的
They came down a by passage.
他们从侧面的过道走来。
2.
次要的;附带的
a by comment
附带的评论

前面石家庄雅信博文翻译公司为大家解读过介词in的用法,不知道是否对大家的学习有所帮助呢?今天,本公司继续为大家解读一个很常见的介词“by”的相关用法,请大家继续跟我们学习吧!
by
最常见的用法还是作介词,可以有很多含义:
1.
在旁边,靠近
There is a cabin by the side of the river.
河边有个小屋。
She was sitting by me when it rained outside.
外面下雨的时候她就坐在我的身边。
2.
……身边
I haven't got any money by me.
我身上没有钱。
3.
(方向)偏于
He headed south by east.
他朝南偏东方向去了。
4.
……旁边(过去);通过;沿着;经由
Please enter by the back door, the front door was locked.
请从后门进来,前门锁了。
She went by him without even looking at him.
5.
到(某时)之前;不迟于
We've already finished the meal by nine o'clock.
九点的时候我们已经吃完饭了。
He ought to be home by now, I can't help but wonder where he is.
平时这个时候他应该已经回家了,我不禁在想他到底去哪儿了。
6.
在(白天、夜晚)的时候;在……环境下
My parents used to love walking by the moonlight.
我父母从前很喜欢在月光下散步。
7.
(表示行为者是谁或起作用的事物是什么)由,被
The plane was invented by the Wright brothers.
飞机是莱特兄弟发明的。
This is a piece of art by Raphael.
这是拉斐尔的艺术作品。
8.
……所生,为……所出
He had a daughter by his late wife.
他有一个亡妻生的女儿。
9.
表示交通、传递等的方式
Don't worry about me, I'll go by plane.
不用担心我,我打算坐飞机去。
10.
握(或抓、拿等)住(身体等的某部分)
Watch it! She is still very weak right now, please take her by the hand.
小心点!她现在还是很虚弱,请抓住她的手就好了。
11.
(表示方法、手段、方式)凭借,靠,用
He wins her heart by his sincere words.
What do you mean by that?
你这样做(讲)是什么意思?
12.
由于(表示原因)
I met my husband by chance.
我和我丈夫是偶然遇见的。
13.
根据,按照
Never judge a book by its cover.
不要以貌取人。
14.
……计算
I was paid by the day.
我的工资按日计算。
15.
(表示连续反复)一个接着一个
Alright girls! Hand your homework to me one by one.
好了小姑娘们,请按顺序一个个把作业交给我。
Day by day, she becomes thinner and thinner.
她一天天消瘦下去了。
16.
(表示数量、程度)以……之差
I just missed the train by three minutes.
我刚刚晚了三分钟没赶上火车。
17.
表示乘、除、面积等
If you multiply 9 by 3, you'll get 27. 9
3等于27
18.
(表示关系)对待
Do as you would be done by.
你要人家怎样待你,就要怎样待人。
He did his duty by his country.
他对国家尽责。
19.
就(职业、出生、本性等)来说
He is Swedish by descent and speech.
他祖籍瑞典,讲瑞典语。
by
也可用作副词,使用得也比较频繁
1.
在近旁
They were standing by and watching the fight.
他们就站在一边围观打架。
2.
经过;过去
in days gone by
在过去的日子里
The train went thundering by.
火车隆隆地驶过。
3.
搁开;在一边;存起
Put your work by for the moment.
你暂且把工作放一放。
by
作形容词的用法比较少,大家可以了解一下
1.
不在干道上的;位于一边的
They came down a by passage.
他们从侧面的过道走来。
2.
次要的;附带的
a by comment
附带的评论