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翻译中强调句的用法

时间:2021-4-6 8:45:57 作者:雅信博文翻译


在翻译过程中,我们会经常使用强调句,雅信博文翻译公司与您一起重新温习一下强调句的用法。

强调”就是使句子的某一部分比一般情况下显得更加重要。英语表达中,要强调句子的某一成分,一般可用强调句型“It is (was) +that (who) +句子的其余部分”。It在句中无意义,只起引出被强调部分的作用。被强调的部分指人时,除可用that外,还可换用who(强调宾语指人时也可用whom)。

强调句型:It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其他部分。

强调主语:

e.g.  It was Li Ming who locked the class door last night.

强调宾语:

e.g.  It was a deer that I saw in the park yesterday.

强调时间状语:(状语分为时间状语、地点状语、原因状语、目的状语等)

e.g. It was yesterday that he met Li Ping.

强调时间状语:

It was in New Zea land that Mike first met Mr. Smith.

注:

强调主语时,that或who后面的谓语动词的形式仍然取决于原句中的主语;be的变化只有is和was两种形式,如果要表示现在时将来时的其它各种形式时,就用It is…, 表达过去时的各种形式时,用It was….一般要与谓语动词的时态一致。如:

1.It is I who/ that am an English teacher.

2.It is the boy who/ that speaks English best in the class.

3.It was on Sunday that he gave George this ticket.

4.It is the little girl who/ that has broken the glass.

如果强调时间、地点、原因或方式状语时,不可用when,where, why或how,而仍用that

试比较:It was because of the accident why he was late. (误)

It was because of the accident that he was late. (正)

再如:

1.It was not until midnight they reached the camp site. (08重庆)

 A. that B.when C.while D. As

 答案A。该题强干扰项是B,考生容易因强调时间状语until midnight而误选。

2. It was after he got what he had desired ____he realized it was not so important.

 A.that B.when C.since D. As

 答案A。该句强调时间状语从句after he got what he had desired,题干意思是“得到他所梦寐以求的东西后他才意识到一切都不那么重要”。不要误选B。

3.It was in New Zea land ___ Elizabethfirst met Mr. Smith. (08全国II)

 A. that B.how C.which D.when

 答案A。

判断一个句子是否是强调句

去掉强调结构It is (was) … that(who)…后,剩下的词仍能组成一个完整的句子。这是判断是不是强调句型的关键。

试比较:

句1. It is strange that he didn’t come yesterday.

句2. It is you and Tom that didn’t come yesterday.

显然:句1去掉It is…that …后,句子结构不完整,是主语从句;

 句2去掉It is… that …后,句子变为 you and Tom didn’t come yesterday. 仍是一个表意完整的句子,这是一个强调句。


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